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Although blackheads are common on the face, it is a generalized skin imperfection. There are many reasons for this stinging and unsightly blemish, such as excessive oil, dead skin, clogged pores, and bacterial infections. Although blackheads are relatively easy to treat, the best way is to prevent them from forming at the source.

1: Keep The Skin Clean

1. Clean skin frequently. Frequent cleansing of the skin can remove excess impurities and oils, prevent the formation of blackheads, or block pores.

  • Use a cleanser with a neutral pH. You can also choose a facial cleanser with salicylic acid, which can effectively purify pores and prevent acne.
  • Most grocery stores and pharmacies sell non-irritating cleansing products.
  • Extremely oily skin can use oil-free cleansing milk. Similarly, dry skin should use cleansers containing glycerin or milk fat.
  • Don’t use bar soaps as their ingredients may clog pores. Don’t use bar soaps as their ingredients may clog pores. 
  • Clean skin with lukewarm water. Overheated water will take away sebum and irritate the skin.

2. Avoid excessive cleaning. It is important to clean the skin, but also avoid excessively. Too frequent or too intense will irritate the skin, take away sebum, and cause acne.

  • Wash the acne area twice a day to keep it clean and prevent blackheads.

3. Remove makeup before going to bed. Sleeping with makeup can cause clogged pores. Use a mild cleanser or makeup remover to remove all remaining makeup before going to bed.

  • If the cosmetics are waterproof, you can use specific makeup removers. You can also use facial cleansers, most facial cleansers can effectively remove residual makeup. 
  • Wash makeup tools or cotton pads with soap and water every month to eliminate bacteria and prevent clogging of pores.

4. Bathe after strenuous exercise. If you are a very active person, take a shower after strenuous exercise. Sweating can cause excessive skin bacteria and oil, which can clog pores.

  • Do not use alkaline soap to clean the acne area, just use a mild and acid-base balanced detergent.

2: Other Preventive Measures

1. Moisturize daily. After washing your face, use moisturizing products suitable for your skin. When the skin is well hydrated, it can prevent blackheads. 

  • Oily skin also needs moisturizing. You can use oil-free and acne-free products. 
  • Ask a dermatologist or skincare expert to find out about your skin type. Most pharmacies and retail stores, including department stores, can buy skin care products specifically for your skin type. 

2. Exfoliate regularly. Dead skin can clog pores and cause blackheads. Regular exfoliation can remove dead skin and bacteria and prevent blackheads.

  • Exfoliation can only remove the superficial skin, not blackheads. 
  • Choose a mild exfoliating product, the product should contain synthetic or natural particles, and the particle shape is uniform. The rough texture can irritate the skin and cause blackheads. Soft towels can also be used to exfoliate.

3. Absorb excess oil. If you have oily skin, you can use topical products to absorb excess oil. This will not only remove oil but also prevent bacteria and dead skin from causing blackheads.

  • For more serious cases, over-the-counter salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide therapy can be used or a doctor can prescribe it.
  • Applying a mud mask once a week can help absorb excess oil and purify the skin.
  • You can use absorbent paper to absorb excess oil on the face.
  • Follow the doctor’s advice or instructions to avoid excessive use of the product and further skin irritation.
  • Most oil-absorbing products can be purchased in pharmacies or grocery stores. Online cosmetics stores also sell such products.

4. Use products that do not contain acne-stimulating ingredients and are hypoallergenic. Cosmetics and other types of skincare products such as moisturizers and sunscreens should be free of acne-stimulating ingredients. Such products will not clog pores and irritate the skin.

  • All products labeled “without acne-stimulating ingredients” have been tested for acne-prone skin and proven that they will not exacerbate existing acne or cause new acne.
  • All products labeled “hypoallergenic” have been tested for sensitive skin and proven not to irritate the skin.
  • It does not contain acne-stimulating ingredients and has a wide range of hypoallergenic products, including cosmetics, sunscreens, moisturizers, and toners. Most pharmacies, large department stores, online stores, and even some grocery stores have sales.

5. Do not touch blackheads. You can’t help but want to touch acne, but you must resist it. Touching the skin will spread the oil and bacteria, causing more new acne.

  • Touching can also cause further damage and irritation to the skin.

6. Remove stubborn blackheads or large blackheads. When you encounter large blackheads or stubborn blackheads, you can use acne needles to help remove them, but be careful to use them only when the situation is serious.

  • Acne needles are sold in most pharmacies and skincare stores.
  • Clean the skin before use to reduce the risk of bacterial spread. 
  • Apply a hot compress on the skin for 1-2 minutes before use. 
  • Don’t squeeze the blackhead forcibly. If the blackheads have not been removed after the first try, do not squeeze it for the next few days. This will help reduce damage and promote skin healing. 
  • Follow the instructions to use acne needles most effectively.
  • If you are not sure about the use of acne needles or if there are too many blackheads, you can go to a dermatologist. She will help you to use acne needles to remove blackheads more effectively.

7. Wear loose clothing. Tight-fitting clothes are not conducive to the evaporation of heat and moisture, which can irritate the skin and cause blackheads. Loose clothes can keep the skin dry and comfortable and prevent the formation of acne.

  • Clothes made of moisture-wicking fabric can keep the skin dry and prevent acne.
  • For sensitive skin, natural materials such as cotton cloth are a good choice, try to avoid rough fabrics such as wool to prevent skin irritation.
  • Wash clothing that comes in contact with the skin, including pillowcases, frequently. The detergent should be mild and non-irritating.

8. Adjust eating habits. There is evidence that a balanced diet has a great effect on the skin. Staying away from unhealthy food and junk food can effectively prevent blackheads and other types of acne. 

  • A high-fat, high-sugar diet will reduce the rate of cell turnover, cause clogged pores and cause blackheads. Try and not to eat too many fried foods or sweets.
  • Foods rich in vitamin A and carotene will accelerate the rate of cell turnover and make the skin healthier. Such foods include fruits and vegetables, such as raspberries and carrots.
  • Foods rich in essential fatty acids help maintain moisture in skin cells, such as walnuts and olive oil.
  • After eating unhealthy foods, you may be too supportive to eat other foods, but these foods can provide vitamins and antioxidants necessary to promote healthy skin.
  • Part of a balanced diet is proper hydration. 8 glasses of water a day can keep the body healthy, thereby keeping the skin healthy.

9. If blackheads are stubborn or severe, you can see a doctor or dermatologist. They will help you choose the most suitable product for your skin type, and if necessary, will prescribe you some special ointments, such as retinoids that can effectively keep your pores clean and prevent acne.

  • In addition, she may also suggest that you use microdermabrasion or chemical microdermabrasion to unclog and clean your pores.